Table of Contents

The Chapters designated "OPEN" are reserved for the logical future expansion of
these volumes.

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Contributor Index 
Subject Index 

Duane's Clinical Ophthalmology

Volume 1

Volume 4
Volume 2 Volume 5
Volume 3 Volume 6

Duane's Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology

Foundations Volume 1

Foundations Volume 3
Foundations Volume 2


Volume 1

Ocular Motility and Strabismus

Chapter 1, Extraocular Muscles
Joseph L. Demer

Chapter 2, Eye Movements and Positions
Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 3, Innervation of the Extraocular Muscles
Michael X. Repka and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 4, Supranuclear Control of Eye Movements
Michael X. Repka

Chapter 5, Binocular Vision
Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 6, Alignment
Marshall M. Parks, Christopher J. Kelly, and Paul R. Mitchell

Chapter 7, Vergences
Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 8, Binocular Vision Adaptations In Strabismus
Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 9, Sensory Tests and Treatment of Binocular Vision Adaptations
Paul R. Mitchell and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 10, Amblyopia
Mark J. Greenwald and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 11 (OPEN)

Chapter 12, Concomitant Esodeviations
Marshall M. Parks, Paul R. Mitchell, and Maynard B. Wheeler

Chapter 13, Concomitant Exodeviations
Paul R. Mitchell and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 14, Monofixation Syndrome
Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 15, Concomitant Vertical Deviations
Paul R. Mitchell and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 16, A and V Patterns
Marshall M. Parks and Paul R. Mitchell

Chapter 17, Oblique Muscle Dysfunctions
Marshall M. Parks and Paul R. Mitchell

Chapter 18, Dissociated Strabismus
M. Edward Wilson

Chapter 19, Cranial Nerve Palsies
Paul R. Mitchell and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 20, Ophthalmoplegic Syndromes and Trauma
Paul R. Mitchell and Marshall M. Parks

Chapter 21, Saccadic Velocity Measurements in Strabismus
Henry S. Metz

Chapters 22–29 (OPEN)

Refraction and Clinical Optics

Chapter 30, Geometrical Optics
Edmond H. Thall

Chapter 31, Physical Optics
David Miller and Paûlo Schor

Chapter 32 (OPEN)

Chapter 33, The Human Eye as an Optical System
Milton Katz and Philip B. Kruger

Chapter 34, Biology of the Eye as an Optical System
Karla Zadnik and Donald O. Mutti

Chapter 35, Glare and Contrast Sensitivity Testing
David Miller

Chapter 36, Correction of Ametropia With Spectacle Lenses
Susannah B. Marcus and Melvin L. Rubin

Chapter 37, Retinoscopy
Jonathan D. Wirtschafter and Gary S. Schwartz

Chapter 38, The Cross Cylinder
Stuart E. Wunsh

Chapter 39, Subjective Refraction: Fogging and Use of the Astigmatic Dials
Jay H. Kaufman

Chapter 40 (OPEN)

Chapter 41, Cycloplegic Refraction
Leonard Apt and William L. Gaffney

Chapter 42, The Optics of Myopia
Wayne G. Whitmore and Brian J. Curtin

Chapter 43 (OPEN)

Chapter 44, Prescribing Multifocal Lenses
James E. Sheedy

Chapter 45, Optical Correction of Pediatric Aphakia
Scott R. Lambert

Chapter 46, Vision Rehabilitation
Joel A. Kraut

Chapter 46A, Video-Based Low-Vision Devices
Jennie Y. Kageyama, Melissa W. Chun, Kent W. Small, and Joseph L. Demer

Chapter 47, Theory and Practice of Spectacle Correction of Aniseikonia
Eleanore Z. Thill

Chapters 48–49 (OPEN)

Chapter 50, Aspheric Lenses
David Volk

Chapter 51A, Spectacle Lens Powers
Gregory L. Stephens and John K. Davis

Chapter 51B, Spectacle Lens Design
Gregory L. Stephens and John K. Davis

Chapter 51C, Spectacle Lens Materials
Gregory L. Stephens and John K. Davis

Chapter 51D, Ophthalmic Lens Tints and Coatings
Gregory L. Stephens and John K. Davis

Chapter 52, Fresnel Optics
Merton C. Flom and Anthony J. Adams

Chapter 53 (OPEN)

Chapter 54, Rigid Lens Fitting
Peter R. Kastl

Chapter 55, Basics of Soft Contact Lens Fitting
Harold A. Stein, Raymond M. Stein, Melvin Freeman, and Lynn Maund

Chapter 56, Other Uses of Contact Lenses
Zoraida Fiol-Silva and Harold A. Stein

Chapters 57–61 (OPEN)

Chapter 62, Optics of Gonioscopy
Jacob T. Wilensky

Chapter 63, Principles of Ophthalmoscopy
August Colenbrander

Chapter 64, Optics of Lamellar Refractive Keratoplasty
Robert C. Arffa

Chapter 65, Corneal Topography: Optics and Clinical Applications
Yaron S. Rabinowitz

Chapter 66, Laser Devices in Measuring Visual Acuity
Daniel G. Green

Chapter 67 (OPEN)

Chapter 68, Optics of Intraocular Lenses
Robert J. Schechter

Chapter 68A, Multifocal Intraocular Lenses
Robert J. Schechter

Chapter 69, Introduction to Basic Laser Physics
Robert J. Schechter

Chapter 69A, Applied Laser Optics: Techniques For Retinal Laser Surgery
Nelson R. Sabates and Felix N. Sabates

Chapter 69B, The Role of Lasers in Glaucoma Therapy
Jacob T. Wilensky

Chapter 69C, Optics of Photodynamic Therapy
Edgar L. Thomas and David H. Crean

Chapter 70, The Optics of Wavefront Technology
Jim Schwiegerling

Chapter 71 (OPEN)

Diseases of the Lens

Chapter 71A, Embryology and Anatomy of Human Lenses
J.R. Kuszak and M.J. Costello

Chapter 71B, Pathology of Age-Related Human Cataracts
J.R. Kuszak, K.J. Al-Ghoul, and M.J. Costello

Chapter 72 (OPEN)

Chapter 72A, Physiology of the Lens
George Duncan and I. Michael Wormstone

Chapter 72B, Pathogenesis of Cataracts
J. Samuel Zigler, Jr. and Manuel B. Datiles, III

Chapter 72C, Nutritional and Environmental Influences on Risk for Cataract
Allen Taylor

Chapter 73, Cataract: Clinical Types
Nathan G. Congdon, Margaret A. Chang, Paul Botelho, Walter J. Stark, and Manuel B. Datiles, III

Chapter 73A, Epidemiologic Aspects of Age-Related Cataract
Sheila K. West

Chapter 73B, Clinical Evaluation of Cataracts
Manuel B. Datiles, III and Rafat R. Ansari

Chapter 74, Congenital and Inherited Cataracts
J.F. Hejtmancik and Manuel Datilles

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Volume 2


Chapter 1, The Neuro-Ophthalmologic Case History: Elucidating the Symptoms
Frederick E. Lepore

Chapter 2, Neuro-Ophthalmologic Examination: The Visual Sensory System
Barry Skarf, Joel S. Glaser, and Gary L. Trick

Chapter 3, Neuro-ophthalmologic Examination: General Considerations and Special Techniques
Joel S. Glaser

Chapter 4, Anatomy of the Visual Sensory System
Alfredo A. Sadun, Joel S. Glaser, and Swaraj Bose

Chapter 5, Topical Diagnosis: Prechiasmal Visual Pathways
Joel S. Glaser

Chapter 6, Topical Diagnosis: The Optic Chiasm
Joel S. Glaser

Chapter 7, Retrochiasmal Visual Pathways and Higher Cortical Function
Jason J.S. Barton and Matthew Rizzo

Chapter 8, The Facial Nerve
Steven L. Galetta and Mark May

Chapter 9, Eye Movement Characteristics and Recording Techniques
Louis F. Dell'Osso and Robert B. Daroff

Chapter 10, Supranuclear Disorders of Eye Movements
R. John Leigh and Robert B. Daroff

Chapter 11, Nystagmus and Saccadic Intrusions and Oscillations
Louis F. Dell'Osso and Robert B. Daroff

Chapter 12, Infranuclear Disorders of Eye Movement
Joel S. Glaser and R. Michael Siatkowski

Chapter 13, Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology: General Considerations and Congenital Motor and Sensory Anomalies
R. Michael Siatkowski and Joel S. Glaser

Chapter 14, Orbital Diseases and Neuro-ophthalmology
Joel S. Glaser, David T. Tse, and Warren J. Chang

Chapter 15, The Pupils and Accommodation
Thomas L. Slamovits, Joel S. Glaser, and Joyce N. Mbekeani

Chapter 16, Migraine and Other Headaches
B. Todd Troost

Chapter 17, Aneurysms, Arteriovenous Communications, and Related Vascular Malformations
B. Todd Troost, Joel S. Glaser, Mark T. Edge, and P. Pearse Morris

Chapter 18, The Dizzy Patient: Disturbances of the Vestibular System
Ronald J. Tusa

Chapter 19, Ischemic Stroke
Jose G. Romano

Chapters 20 (OPEN)

Diseases of the Orbit

Chapter 21, Orbital Anatomy and Its Clinical Applications
Deborah D. Sherman, Cat N. Burkat, and Bradley N. Lemke

Chapter 22, Introduction to Orbital Disease
John T. Harvey

Chapter 23, Plain Roentgenographic Evaluation of Orbital Disease
Keith D. Carter, Junhee Lee, and Jeffrey A. Nerad

Chapter 24, Computed Tomography of the Orbit
James A. Garrity and Julie R. Gilbertson

Chapter 25, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Orbit
Jan W. Kronish, Mark J. Lucarelli, Lindell R. Gentry, and Richard K. Dortzbach

Chapter 26 (OPEN)

Chapter 27, Acute Proptosis in Childhood
Gerald J. Harris and Tyson K. Schwiesow

Chapter 28, Acute Proptosis in Adults
David R. Jordan, Louise Mawn, and Bernard Hurley

Chapter 29, Neuro-ophthalmic Aspects of Orbital Disease
Manoj M. Thakker and James C. Orcutt

Chapter 30, Congenital and Developmental Anomalies of the Orbit
Michael T. Yen, Patrick M. Flaharty, and Richard L. Anderson

Chapter 31, Cystic Tumors
R. Patrick Yeatts

Chapters 32–33 (OPEN)

Chapter 34, Orbital Infections
Allan E. Wulc and Brenda C. Edmonson

Chapter 35, Noninfectious Orbital Inflammatory Disease
James W. Karesh, John C. Baer, and Ramzi K. Hemady

Chapter 36, Thyroid Orbitopathy
Susan M. Tucker, Nancy A. Tucker, and John V. Linberg

Chapter 37, Vascular Lesions of the Orbit
Susan M. Tucker

Chapter 38 (OPEN)

Chapter 39, Lymphocytic, Plasmacytic, Histiocytic, and Hematopoietic Tumors of the Orbit
Hindola Konrad, Brian J. Clark, and Geoffrey E. Rose

Chapter 40, Lacrimal Gland Tumors
David A. Kostick and John V. Linberg

Chapter 41, Neurogenic Tumors of the Orbit
Thomas C. Cannon, Keith D. Carter, and Robert Folberg

Chapter 42, Optic Pathway Gliomas
Brian D. Ellis

Chapter 43, Rhabdomyosarcoma
David A. Kostick

Chapter 44, Primary Tumors of the Orbit
Dinesh Selva, Valerie A. White, John O'Connell, and Jack Rootman

Chapter 45 (OPEN)

Chapter 46 Secondary and Metastatic Tumors of the Orbit
Steven E. Katz, Jack Rootman, and Robert A. Goldberg

Chapter 47 (OPEN)

Chapter 48, Orbital Fractures
Dale R. Meyer

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Volume 3

Diseases of the Retina

Chapter 1, Anatomy and Cell Biology of the Human Retina
Ann H. Milam, Julie E. Smith, and Sinoj K. John

Chapter 2, Molecular Physiology and Pathology of the Retina
Stephen H. Tsang and Peter Gouras

Chapter 3, Evaluation of the Posterior Chamber, Vitreous, and Retina with Ultrasound
D. Jackson Coleman, Ronald H. Silverman, Mark J. Rondeau, Suzanne W. Daly, and Harriet O. Lloyd

Chapter 4, Intravenous Fluorescein Angiography
Joseph I. Maguire and Jay L. Federman

Chapter 4A, Indocyanine Green Angiography
Eric D. Weichel, Carl D. Regillo, and Joseph I. Maguire

Chapter 5, Clinical Visual Electrophysiology
J. Vernon Odom, Monique Leys, and George W. Weinstein

Chapter 6, An Introduction to Color Vision
William E. Benson

Chapter 7, Pathologic Correlates in Ophthalmoscopy
Vitaliano B. Bernardino, Jr., Alexander R. Gaudio, and Edward A. Jaeger

Chapter 8, Congenital Fundus Abnormalities
Mitchell S. Fineman and Gary C. Brown

Chapter 9, Hereditary Macular Dystrophies
Arthur D. Fu, Everett Ai, H. Richard McDonald, Robert N. Johnson, and J. Michael Jumper

Chapter 10, Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysms
Neal H. Atebara

Chapter 11, Endogenous Fungal Endophthalmitis
Roy D. Brod, Harry W. Flynn, Jr., and Darlene Miller

Chapter 12, Ocular Ischemic Syndrome
Neal H. Atebara and Gary C. Brown

Chapter 13, Systemic Hypertension and the Eye
Joseph B. Walsh, Richard B. Rosen, and Daniel M. Berinstein

Chapter 14, Arterial Obstructive Disease of the Eye
George E. Sanborn and Larry E. Magargal

Chapter 15, Venous Occlusive Disease of the Retina
George E. Sanborn and Larry E. Magargal

Chapter 16, Eales' Disease
Jorge H. Gutiérrez and Robert P. Murphy

Chapter 17, Sickle Cell Disease
Donald A. Gagliano, Lee M. Jampol, and Maurice F. Rabb

Chapter 18, Retinopathy of Blood Dyscrasias
Robert H. Rosa, Jr. and Richard D. Cunningham

Chapter 19 (OPEN)

Chapter 20, Retinopathy of Prematurity
J. Arch McNamara and William Tasman

Chapter 21, Macular Hole
Allen C. Ho and Henry C. Lee

Chapter 22, Vascular Anomalies of the Fundus
Caroline R. Baumal, Jay S. Duker and Gary C. Brown

Chapter 23, Acquired Macular Disease
Haris I. Amin, H. Richard McDonald, Robert N. Johnson, Everett Ai, and Howard Schatz

Chapter 24, Retinitis Pigmentosa and Allied Retinal Diseases
Eliot L. Berson

Chapter 25, Gyrate Atrophy
Steve A. Arshinoff, Kevin Leung, and Yi Ning J. Strube

Chapter 25A, Choroideremia
Eugene S. Liu, Alan R. Berger, and Elise Heón

Chapter 26, Degenerative Diseases of the Peripheral Retina
Robert E. Engstrom, Jr., Ben J. Glasgow, Robert Y. Foos, and Bradley R. Straatsma

Chapter 27, Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
Brian P. Connolly and Carl D. Regillo

Chapter 28, Acute Retinal Necrosis and Progressive Outer Retinal Necrosis Syndromes
Caroline R. Baumal, Jay S. Duker, and David Fischer

Chapter 28A, Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Caroline R. Baumal and Jay S. Duker

Chapter 29, Ophthalmic Manifestations of Defects in Metabolism
Shirley H. Wray and Rosemary N. Boustany

Chapter 30, Diabetic Retinopathy
Brett J. Rosenblatt and William E. Benson

Chapter 31, Blunt Trauma
Andrew Lam, William E. Benson, and John B. Jeffers

Chapter 32, Retinopathy and Distant Extraocular Trauma
Isaac A. Loose and Robert P. Schroeder

Chapter 33, Toxic Retinopathies
F.W. Fraunfelder, F.T. Fraunfelder, and T. Wood

Chapter 34, Phakomatoses
Peter V. Palena and James J. Augsburger

Chapter 35, Retinoblastoma
Cynthia A. Boxrud and La-ongsri Atchaneeyasakul

Chapter 36, Miscellaneous Abnormalities of the Fundus
Neal H. Atebara

Chapter 36A, Radiation Retinopathy
Neal H. Atebara, John H. Drouilhet, and Gary C. Brown

Chapter 37, Light Toxicity in the Posterior Segment
Susan Schneider and R. Kennon Guerry

Chapter 38, Vitreous Biochemistry, Structure, and Clinical Evaluation
J. Sebag

Chapter 39, Vitreous Pathobiology
J. Sebag

Chapter 40 (OPEN)


Chapter 41, The History of Glaucoma
Peter C. Kronfeld

Chapter 42 (OPEN)

Chapter 43, Anatomy of the Ciliary Body and Outflow Pathways
Thomas F. Freddo and Haiyan Gong

Chapter 44, Gonioscopy
Ronald L. Fellman and George L. Spaeth

Chapter 45, Aqueous Humor Dynamics
J. Cameron Millar, B'Ann True Gabelt, and Paul L. Kaufman

Chapter 46, Tonometry, Tonography, and Aqueous Fluorophotometry
David Dueker

Chapter 47, Tonometry
Richard F. Brubaker

Chapter 48, The Optic Nerve in Glaucoma
Douglas R. Anderson

Chapter 48A, Quantitative Measurement of the Optic Disc
Dana P. Tannenbaum and Joseph Caprioli

Chapter 49, Visual Fields in Glaucoma
Jody R. Piltz-Seymour, Oneca Heath-Phillip, and Stephen M. Drance

Chapter 50, Heredity and Glaucoma
Brian P. Brooks, Julia E. Richards, and Paul R. Lichter

Chapter 51, The Developmental Glaucomas
Terri-Diann Pickering, Patricia C. Wong, Christopher J. Dickens, and H. Dunbar Hoskins, Jr.

Chapter 52, Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
Young H. Kwon and Joseph Caprioli

Chapter 53, Primary Angle-closure Glaucoma
Ruthanne B. Simmons, Martha H. Montenegro, and Richard J. Simmons

Chapter 54 (OPEN)

Chapter 54A, Lens-Related Glaucomas
Michael G. Gressel

Chapter 54B, Exfoliation Syndrome, Pigment Dispersion Syndrome, and the Associated Glaucomas
Gregory L. Skuta and Rebecca K. Morgan

Chapter 54C, Glaucoma Following Trauma
Jonathan S. Myers, L. Jay Katz, and George L. Spaeth

Chapter 54D, Inflammatory Glaucoma
Thomas A. Graul and Wallace L.M. Alward

Chapter 54E, Glaucoma Associated with Retinal Disorders and Retinal Surgery
George R. Reiss and Jack O. Sipperley

Chapter 54F, Glaucoma Associated with Corneal Disorders
Sid Mandelbaum

Chapter 54G, Glaucoma in Aphakia and Pseudophakia
Alana L. Grajewski

Chapter 55, Cataracts and Glaucoma
Marc Ellman and Jeffrey S. Schultz

Chapter 56, Medical Therapy of Glaucoma
Marc Weitzman and Joseph Caprioli

Chapter 57, Neuroprotection Mechanisms in Glaucoma
Thomas Mittag

Chapter 58, Hypotony
Jonathan E. Pederson

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Volume 4

External Diseases

Chapter 1, Laboratory Diagnosis of Ocular Infectious Disease
Russell N. Van Gelder

Chapter 2, Immunology of the External Eye
Christopher Seamone and W.B. Jackson

Chapter 3, Tumors of the Eyelids
Brian P. Marr, Carol L. Shields, and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 4, Parinaud's Oculoglandular Syndrome
Elmer Y. Tu

Chapter 5, Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Mark J. Mannis and Ronald D. Plotnik

Chapter 6, Neonatal Conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia Neonatorum)
Jonathan C. Song

Chapter 7, Follicular Conjunctivitis
Ruby Lagnado, Amar Alwitry, and Harminder Singh Dua

Chapter 8, Phlyctenular Keratoconjunctivitis
Ira J. Udell and Jonathan S. Weyne

Chapter 9, Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis
E. Lee Stock and David M. Meisler

Chapter 9A, Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis
E. Lee Stock and David M. Meisler

Chapter 10, Tumors of the Conjunctiva and Cornea
Carol L. Shields and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 11, Therapeutic Hydrogel Lenses
Alan M. Kozarsky

Chapter 12, Bullous Diseases of the Skin and Mucous Membranes
Bartly J. Mondino, John A. Hovanesian, and Uwe Pleyer

Chapter 13, Lacrimal Drainage System
Myron Tanenbaum and Clinton D. McCord, Jr.

Chapter 14, Diagnosis and Treatment of Tear Deficiencies
Michael A. Lemp

Chapter 15, Corneal and Systemic Diseases
Marta L. Mora and Ronald E. Smith

Chapter 16, Corneal Dysgeneses, Dystrophies, and Degenerations
Kenneth R. Kenyon , Peter S. Hersh, Tomy Starck, and Jerry A. Fogle

Chapter 16A, Corneal Edema
Woodford S. Van Meter, W. Barry Lee, and Douglas G. Katz

Chapter 17, Superficial Keratopathy
Douglas J. Coster

Chapter 18, Bacterial Corneal Ulcers
Richard L. Abbott, Michael Zegans, and Paul A. Kremer

Chapter 18A, Acanthamoeba Keratitis
Richard L. Abbott, Michael Zegans, and Troy R. Elander

Chapter 19, Herpes Simplex Keratitis
Denis M. O'Day

Chapter 20, Varicella and Herpes Zoster Ocular Disease
Vincent P. De Luise

Chapter 21, Diagnosis and Management of Fungal Keratitis
Dan B. Jones

Chapter 22, Blepharitis
Naushad Hussein, Ivan R. Schwab, and H. Bruce Ostler (Deceased)

Chapter 23, Diseases of the Sclera and Episclera
Peter Watson

Chapter 24, Infectious Endophthalmitis
Travis A. Meredith

Chapter 25, Microbial Preseptal and Orbital Cellulitis
Paul G. Steinkuller and Dan B. Jones

Chapter 26, Antibiotic Use in Ophthalmology
Jules L. Baum

Chapter 27, Complications of Contact Lenses
Erich B. Groos, Jr.

Chapter 28, Chemical Injuries of The Eye
Robert A. Ralph

Chapter 29, Complications of Refractive Surgery
Jay C. Rudd and Randall J. Olson

Chapter 30 (OPEN)

Diseases of the Uvea

Chapter 31, Anatomy of the Uveal Tract
David Barsky

Chapter 32, Classification, Symptoms, and Signs of Uveitis
Debra A. Goldstein and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 33, Practical Diagnostic Approach to Uveitis
John D. Sheppard and Robert A. Nozik

Chapter 34, Immunology of Uveitis
Mitra Maybodi, Mehmet L. Guler, and Henry J. Kaplan

Chapter 35, Keratocentesis and Vitreous Biopsy
Joseph B. Michelson, Mitchell H. Friedlaender, and G. Richard O'Connor

Chapter 36, Uveal Biopsy
Darius M. Moshfeghi and Gholam A. Peyman

Chapter 37, Uveitis: Diagnostic Approach and Ancillary Analysis
Emmett T. Cunningham, Jr. and Robert A. Nozik

Chapter 38, An Overview of Albinism and Its Visual System Manifestations
Elias I. Traboulsi and W. Richard Green

Chapter 39, Keratouveitis
Stephen D. McLeod and Joel Sugar

Chapter 40, Acute Anterior Uveitis
William A. Godfrey and Keith A. Warren

Chapter 41, Lens-Induced Uveitis and Related Intraocular Inflammations
Narsing A. Rao and Robert F. See

Chapter 42, Chronic Iridocyclitis
William A. Godfrey and John D. Hunkeler

Chapter 43, Intermediate Uveitis
Sheridan Lam and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 44, Sarcoidosis
Robert S. Weinberg

Chapter 45, Infectious Retinitis
Mohamed H. El-Bradey and William R. Freeman

Chapter 46, Toxoplasmosis
Khalid F. Tabbara

Chapter 47, Retinal Vasculitis
Fernandino A. Fontanilla, Debra A. Goldstein, Ozlem Sahin, and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 48, Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome
Norbert Becker and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 49, Inflammatory Choroiditis
Jose S. Pulido and C. Richard Blake

Chapter 50, Syphilis
Robert S. Weinberg

Chapter 51, Sympathetic Ophthalmia and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome
Chi-Chao Chan, Scott M. Whitcup, and Robert B. Nussenblatt

Chapter 52, Ciliochoroidal Effusion
Sharon Fekrat and W. Richard Green

Chapter 53, Intraocular Masquerade Syndromes
Devron H. Char

Chapter 54, Hypersensitivity Uveitis
M. Levent Civelek, Debra A. Goldstein, and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 55, Postoperative Uveitis
Ann M. Carrasquillo and Debra A. Goldstein

Chapter 56, Uveitis in Childhood
Conrad L. Giles and Jeffrey N. Bloom

Chapter 57, Ocular Angiography in Uveitis
Maurice F. Rabb, Wico W. Lai, and Tom Jennings

Chapter 58, Tuberculosis and Atypical Mycobacteria
Jean Deschênes, N. Kevin Wade, and Richard Lalonde

Chapter 59 (OPEN)

Chapter 60, Complications of Uveitis and Their Management
Debra A. Goldstein and Howard H. Tessler

Chapter 61, Trauma: Ruptures and Bleeding
Earl R. Crouch, Jr. and Eric R. Crouch

Chapter 62, Trauma: Inflammation
Conrad L. Giles and T.F. Schlaegel, Jr.

Chapter 63 (OPEN)

Chapter 64, Uveitis Surgery
Joseph B. Michelson, Robert A. Nozik and Steven Sanislo

Chapter 65, Degenerations and Atrophy of the Iris
Deepak P. Edward

Chapter 66, Degenerations and Atrophy of the Choroid
Richard G. Weleber and Peter J. Francis

Chapter 67 (OPEN)

Chapter 68, Tumors of the Uveal Tract
Jerry A. Shields and Carol L. Shields

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Volume 5

Chapters 1–18 (OPEN)

Systemic Ophthalmology

Chapter 19, Metabolic Diseases and the Eye
Selwa Al-Hazzaa, Pinar Ozand, and Elias I. Traboulsi

Chapter 20, Diabetes and the Eye
Stephen S. Feman

Chapter 21, Endocrine Disease and the Eye
H.C. Chen and Eva M. Kohner

Chapter 22, Ocular Abnormalities in Acquired Heart Disease
Sunir J. Garg, Arunan Sivalingam, James Bolling, Richard E. Goldberg, Jocelyn Sivalingam, and Larry Magargal

Chapter 22A, Ocular Abnormalities in Congenital Heart Disease
Eshagh Eshaghpour and Gary R. Diamond

Chapter 23, Ocular Manifestations of Hematologic Diseases
Richard S. Kaiser and George A. Williams

Chapter 24, The Eye in Pulmonary Disorders
Joseph B. Walsh, Richard B. Rosen, and Seth W. Meskin

Chapter 25 (OPEN)

Chapter 26, Ocular Manifestations of the Rheumatic Diseases
Jennifer E. Thorne and Douglas A. Jabs

Chapter 27, The Eye in Skin and Mucous Membrane Disorders
C. Stephen Foster

Chapter 28, Ocular Manifestations of Acquired Muscle Disease
Curtis E. Margo and Don B. Smith

Chapter 29, Musculoskeletal Disorders
Victor M. Zion and Edwin Billet

Chapter 30, Ocular Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Diseases
Anil K.V. Aralikatti, Louise M. Downey, and Damian O'Neill

Chapter 31, The Eye and Renal Diseases
Anita M. Leys

Chapter 32, Pregnancy and the Mother's Eye
Justin C. Brown and Janet S. Sunness

Chapter 33, Systemic Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases
Krista M. Ramonas and Alan H. Friedman

Chapter 34, Metastatic Cancer to the Eye and Adnexa
Eric P. Shakin and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 35 (OPEN)

Chapter 36, The Phakomatoses
David Sami, Anthony Vivian, David Taylor, and Dawn Saunders

Chapter 37, Ocular Toxicology
F.W. Fraunfelder and F.T. Fraunfelder

Chapter 38 (OPEN)

Chapter 39, Perinatal Ophthalmology
Sharon Lehman

Chapter 40, Ophthalmic Disorders Associated With Selected Primary and Acquired Immunodeficiency Diseases
Ralph D. Levinson, James P. Dunn, and Gary N. Holland

Chapter 41, Cataracts and Systemic Disease
Anna K. Junk and Donald A. Morris

Chapter 42, The Ophthalmologist's Role in Visual Processing and Learning Disabilities
Harold P. Koller and Kenneth B. Goldberg

Chapter 43, Corneal Problems in Systemic Disease
Stephen P. Ginsberg

Chapter 44, Ophthalmic and Systemic Manifestations of Child Abuse
Mary Louise Z. Collins and Alex V. Levin

Chapter 45, The Eye and Sports Medicine
Paul F. Vinger

Chapter 46, The Eye and Reading Disorders
Scott E. Olitsky and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 47, Basic Principles of Occupational Ophthalmology
Bernard R. Blais

Chapters 48–49 (OPEN)

Geographic and Preventive Ophthalmology

Chapter 50, Introduction to Geographic and Preventive Ophthalmology
Hugh R. Taylor

Chapter 51, Measuring Vision and Vision Loss
August Colenbrander

Chapter 52, Statistics on the Prevalence and Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment in the Population
James M. Tielsch

Chapter 53, Patterns of Blindness
Lalit Dandona and Allen Foster

Chapter 54, Screening: Relationship to Diagnosis and Therapy
M. Cristina Leske, Barbara S. Hawkins, Leslie Hyman, and Päivi H. Miskala

Chapter 55, Ocular Protection From Solar Radiation
Jonathan C. Javitt and Hugh R. Taylor

Chapter 56, Epidemiology of Ocular Trauma
Tien Yin Wong and James M. Tielsch

Chapter 57, Cataract and Delivery of Surgical Services in Developing Nations
Larry Schwab, Hugh R. Taylor, and Jamie La Nauze

Chapter 58, Appropriate Methods and Resources for Third World Ophthalmology
Joseph Taylor

Chapter 59, Nutritional Blindness: Xerophthalmia and Keratomalacia
Alfred Sommer

Chapter 60, Pathogenesis and Control of Blinding Trachoma
Chandler R. Dawson

Chapter 61, Corneal Opacification in the Developing World
Gullapalli N. Rao

Chapter 62, Onchocerciasis
Daniel Etya'ale and Hugh R. Taylor

Chapter 63, Ocular Abnormalities in Leprosy
Naushad Hussein and Ivan R. Schwab

Chapter 64, Recommendations for Ophthalmic Practice in Relation to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Denis M. O'Day and Amy Chomsky

Chapter 65, Basic Statistics and Epidemiology for Ophthalmologists
Andrew F. Smith

Chapter 66, Epidemiologic Approach to Clinical Research: Design Strategies
Emily Y. Chew and Frederick L. Ferris, III

Chapter 67, Statistics in Ophthalmic Clinical Research
Argye Hillis

Chapter 68, Ethical Issues in Ophthalmology
Bruce D. Weinstein, George W. Weinstein, and John L. Burkard, Jr.

Chapter 69, Health Economics for the Busy Ophthalmologist
Andrew F. Smith

Chapters 70–71 (OPEN)

Ocular Plastic Surgery

Chapter 72, Eyelid Anatomy
Malena M. Amato, Blythe Monheit, and John W. Shore

Chapter 73, Eyelid Abnormalities: Ectropion, Entropion, Trichiasis
Kenneth V. Cahill and Marcos T. Doxanas

Chapter 74, Blepharoplasty
Robert M. Dryden, Perry M. Waggoner, and Kathleen M. Duerksen

Chapter 75, The Evaluation and Management of Eyelid Trauma
James W. Karesh

Chapters 76–77 (OPEN)

Chapter 78, Ptosis Surgery
Malena M. Amato, Blythe Monheit, and John W. Shore

Chapter 79, Lacrimal Drainage Surgery
James A. Katowitz, Scott M. Goldstein, Femida Kherani, and Joanne E. Low

Chapter 80 (OPEN)

Chapter 81, Surgical Treatment of Graves' Disease
John S. Kennerdell

Chapter 82, Enucleation, Evisceration, and Exenteration Techniques
Mark Alford

Chapter 83, Management of the Anophthalmic Socket and Techniques of Enucleation, Evisceration, and Exenteration: Surgical Procedures and Management of Complications
David B. Soll

Chapters 84–85 (OPEN)

Chapter 86, Orbital Surgery
Robert C. Kersten and Jeffrey A. Nerad

Chapter 87, Management of Orbital Trauma
Mami Aiello Iwamoto and Nicholas T. Iliff

Chapter 88, Flaps, Grafts, and Alloplastic Materials in Lid Reconstruction and Repair
W. Jackson Iliff and Elba M. Pacheco

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Volume 6

Ocular Surgery: General Considerations

Chapter 1, Anesthesia for Eye Surgery
Scott Greenbaum

Chapter 2 (OPEN)

Chapter 3, Principles and Basic Techniques for Ocular Microsurgery
Marian S. Macsai, Allison A. Jensen, and John W. Yang

Chapters 4–5 (OPEN)

Cataract Surgery

Chapter 6, Cataract Surgery
Robert J. Cionni, Michael E. Snyder, and Robert H. Osher

Chapter 7, Techniques of Phacoemulsification
Mark Packer, I. Howard Fine, Stephen A. Obstbaum, Richard S. Hoffman,
Stephen B. Lichtenstein, and Howard V. Gimbel

Chapter 8, Secondary Intraocular Lens Implantation
Neil J. Friedman, Timothy T. Khater, and Douglas D. Koch

Chapter 9, Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Devices (OVDs): Physical Characteristics and Clinical Applications
Stephen S. Lane

Chapter 10, Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser Use in Pseudophakia
Adam H. Rogers and Caroline R. Baumal

Chapter 11, Intraocular Lenses
James A. Davison, Guy Kleinmann, and David J. Apple

Chapter 12, Management of Astigmatism in Conjunction with Lens Surgery
Louis D. Nichamin

Chapters 13–14 (OPEN)

Glaucoma Surgery

Chapter 15, Glaucoma Surgery
George Spaeth, L. Jay Katz, Jonathan Myers, Lorenzo J. Pecora, and Ronald L. Fellman

Chapter 16, Cataract Extraction in Patients with Glaucoma
Ronald L. Fellman and George L. Spaeth

Chapter 17, Tube Shunts for Refractory Glaucomas
L. Jay Katz

Chapter 18 (OPEN)

Chapter 19, Laser Surgery in Glaucoma
Arthur L. Schwartz and Howard S. Weiss

Chapters 20–22 (OPEN)

Chapter 23, Surgery for Pediatric Glaucoma
James D. Brandt

Chapter 24, Complications of Glaucoma Surgery
Augusto Azuara-Blanco and L. Jay Katz

Chapter 25 (OPEN)

Cornea and Refractive Surgery

Chapter 26, Penetrating and Lamellar Keratoplasty
Scott Blackmon, Terry Semchyshyn, and Terry Kim

Chapter 27 (OPEN)

Chapter 28, Superficial Keratectomy
Dasa V. Gangadhar, Kenneth R. Kenyon, and Michael D. Wagoner

Chapters 29–31 (OPEN)

Chapter 32, Corneal Perforations
Joel Sugar

Chapter 33, Conjunctival Flaps for Corneal Disease
Shahzad Mian and Alan Sugar

Chapter 34, Stem Cell Transplantation for Ocular Surface Diseases
Scheffer C.G. Tseng, Edgar M. Espana, and Mario A. Di Pascuale

Chapter 35, Pterygium
Stephen G. Waller and Anthony P. Adamis

Chapters 36–38 (OPEN)

Chapter 39, Surgical Management of Anterior Segment Trauma
Peter S. Hersh, Bruce Zagelbaum, Kenneth B. Kenyon, and Bradford J. Shingleton

Chapter 40 (OPEN)

Chapter 41, Radial Keratotomy
Y. Ralph Chu, David R. Hardten, Thomas D. Lindquist, and Richard L. Lindstrom

Chapter 42, Astigmatic Keratotomy
Y. Ralph Chu, David R. Hardten, Thomas D. Lindquist, and Richard L. Lindstrom

Chapter 43 (OPEN)

Chapter 44, Keratoprosthesis
William J. Power

Chapter 45, Epikeratoplasty: A Historical Perspective
Mark P. Lesher and Daniel S. Durrie

Chapter 46, Keratomileusis
Casimir A. Swinger

Chapter 47, Phototherapeutic Keratectomy
Roger F. Steinert and Ann Z. McColgin

Chapter 48, Surface Ablation: Photorefractive Keratectomy, Lasek, and Epi-Lasek
Roger F. Steinert and Ann Z. McColgin

Chapter 49, LASIK
Robert F. Steinert and Ann Z. McColgin

Chapter 50, Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments (INTACS)
Richard L. Abbott and V. Nicholas Batra

Surgery of the Vitreous and Retina

Chapter 51, Surgical Anatomy of Vitreous and the Vitreoretinal Interface
J. Sebag

Chapters 52–53 (OPEN)

Chapter 54, Vitreous Substitutes
Mark E. Hammer

Chapter 55 (OPEN)

Chapter 56, Vitrectomy
Frank J. McCabe, Carl D. Regillo, and William E. Benson

Chapter 57, Diabetic Vitrectomy
Steven R. Sanislo and Mark S. Blumenkranz

Chapter 58, Vitreous Surgery in Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
J. Michael Jumper, Andrew N. Antoszyk, and Brooks W. McCuen, II

Chapter 59, Techniques of Scleral Buckling
George A. Williams and Thomas M. Aaberg, Jr.

Chapter 60, Laser and Cryotherapy Treatment for Retinal Tears
Magdalena F. Shuler and William Tasman

Chapter 61, Macular Holes and Epiretinal Macular Membranes
Alan R. Margherio and Paul V. Raphaelian

Chapter 62, Surgical Excision of Subfoveal Neovascular Membranes and Subretinal Strands
Matthew A. Thomas and Hector E. Ibanez

Chapter 63, Photodynamic Therapy
Brandon G. Busbee and Caroline R. Baumal

Chapter 64, Endophthalmitis: Categories, Management, and Prevention
Ingrid U. Scott, Harry W. Flynn, Jr., and Dennis P. Han

Chapter 65, Retained Lens Material
Robert C. Wang, Dwain G. Fuller, and William L. Hutton

Chapter 66, Management of Posterior Segment Trauma
Morton S. Cox and Tarek S. Hassan

Chapter 67 (OPEN)

Chapter 68, Surgical Management of Exudative Macular Degeneration
J. Luigo Borrillo and James F. Vander

Chapter 69, Giant Retinal Tears
H. MacKenzie Freeman

Chapter 70, Surgical Management of Posterior Uveal Melanoma
Carol L. Shields and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 71 (OPEN)

Chapter 72, Pediatric Vitreoretinal Surgery
Michael T. Trese and Philip J. Ferrone

Chapters 73–74 (OPEN)

Chapter 75, Retinoblastoma
John D. Roarty

Chapter 76, History of Photocoagulation
Kenneth R. Jaegers and James F. Vander

Chapter 77, Surgical Management of Posterior Uveitis
Jane C. Werner

Chapters 78–79 (OPEN)

Pediatric Ophthalmic Surgery

Chapter 80, Physical and Psychological Preparation of Children for Anesthesia and Surgery
Jane M. Breck, Fred M. Rogers, Hedda B. Sharapan, and Albert W. Biglan

Chapter 81, Anesthesia for the Pediatric Ophthalmology Patient
Susan K. Woelfel and Barbara W. Brandom

Chapter 82 (OPEN)

Chapter 83, Surgical Approach to the Rectus Muscles
Albert W. Biglan

Chapter 84, Surgery for Esotropia
Colleen J. Christian and Joseph H. Calhoun

Chapter 85, Surgical Treatment of Exotropia
John D. Baker

Chapter 86, Superior Oblique Muscle Surgery
Richard A. Saunders and Amy K. Hutchinson

Chapter 87, Inferior Oblique Muscle Surgery
Paul R. Mitchell

Chapter 88, Adjustable Suture Strabismus Surgery
Ronald V. Keech

Chapter 89, Chemodenervation of Extraocular Muscles
Edward G. Buckley, Lucas Trigler, and Derek B. Hess

Chapter 90, Transposition Procedures
David A. Plager and Daniel E. Neely

Chapter 91, The Fadenoperation
James B. Sprague

Chapter 92–94 (OPEN)

Chapter 95, Surgery to Correct Nystagmus
Michael X. Repka

Chapter 96, Surgery to Correct Duane's Syndrome and Brown's Syndrome
Monte A. Del Monte and Steven M. Archer

Chapter 97, Surgery to Correct Cyclotropia
Phyllis E. Weingarten and David L. Guyton

Chapter 98, Reoperation of the Extraocular Muscles
John S. Davis and Albert W. Biglan

Chapter 99, Neodymium: Yag Capsulotomy in Children
Paolo Nucci, Albert W. Biglan, and Paul Rehkopf

Chapter 100, Pediatric Cataract Surgery
Kenneth P. Cheng and Albert W. Biglan

Chapter 101, Intraocular Lens Implantation in Pediatric Patients
Kenneth P. Cheng

Chapter 102 (OPEN)

Chapter 103, Optical Rehabilitation of Aphakia with Epikeratophakia
Keith S. Morgan

Chapter 104, Correction of Blepharoptosis in Children
Forrest D. Ellis and Forrest James Ellis

Chapter 105, Surgical Management of Congenital Obstruction of the Lacrimal Collecting System
Richard M. Robb

Chapter 106, Surgical Management of Corneal Opacities in Children
Robert Arffa and Gerald W. Zaidman

Chapter 107 (OPEN)

Chapter 108, Treatment of Advanced Stages of Retinopathy of Prematurity
Matthew T.S. Tennant and J. Arch McNamara

Chapter 109, Surgical Management of Retinoblastoma
Carol L. Shields and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 110, Ophthalmic Management of Craniofacial Syndromes
James A. Katowitz, Richard W. Hertle, and Jeffrey B. Goldstein

Chapter 111, Pediatric Ocular Trauma
Gary L. Rogers, Don L. Bremer, Mary Lou McGregor, and Christina N. Nye

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Foundations Volume 1

Ocular Anatomy, Embryology, and Teratology

Chapter 1, Topographic Anatomy of the Eye: An Overview
D.J. John Park and James W. Karesh

Chapter 2, Prenatal Development of the Eye and Its Adnexa
Cynthia S. Cook, Victoria Ozanics, and Frederick A. Jakobiec

Chapter 3, Periocular Mesenchyme: Neural Crest and Mesodermal Interactions
Christina Wahl and Drew M. Noden

Chapter 4 (OPEN)

Chapter 5, Embryology and Anatomy of the Eyelid
Edward H. Bedrossian, Jr.

Chapters 6–7 (OPEN)

Chapter 8, Cornea
Michael K. Smolek and Stephen D. Klyce

Chapter 9, Congenital and Neonatal Corneal Abnormalities
Matthew K. Perez, Sadeer B. Hannush, and George O. Waring, III

Chapter 10, Functional Morphology of the Trabecular Meshwork
Elke Lütjen-Drecoll and Johannes W. Rohen

Chapter 11, Iris
D. Hunter Cherwek, Hans E. Grossniklaus, and Amy K. Hutchinson

Chapter 12 (OPEN)

Chapter 13, The Ciliary Body
Barbara W. Streeten

Chapter 14, Anatomy of the Zonular Apparatus
Barbara W. Streeten

Chapter 15, Lens
Norman J. Kleiman and Basil V. Worgul

Chapter 16, Vitreous: From Biochemistry to Clinical Relevance
J. Sebag and Kenneth M.P. Yee

Chapters 17–18 (OPEN)

Chapter 19, The Anatomy and Cell Biology of the Retina
Susanna S. Park

Chapter 19A, Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Retina
John M. Nickerson and J. Fielding Hejtmancik

Chapter 20, Functional Anatomy of the Retina
Paul Witkovsky

Chapter 21, Structure and Function of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Gerald B. Grunwald

Chapter 22, Choroid and Suprachoroid
Ronald R. Buggage, Elise Torczynski, and Hans E. Grossniklaus

Chapter 23, Sclera
Maite Sainz de la Maza and C. Stephen Foster

Chapter 24 (OPEN)

Chapter 25, Anatomy and Embryology of the Optic Nerve
Jie Zhang, Richard M. Rubin, and Narsing A. Rao

Chapters 26–28 (OPEN)

Chapter 29, Conjunctiva
J. Eric Pepperl, Tom Ghuman, Kuljit S. Gill, James D. Zieske, and Stefan D. Trocmé

Chapter 30, The Lacrimal System
Edward H. Bedrossian, Jr.

Chapter 31, Functional Anatomy of the Extraocular Muscles
Howard M. Eggers

Chapter 32, Embryology and Anatomy of the Orbit and Lacrimal System
Jurij R. Bilyk and Frederick A. Jakobiec

Chapter 33 (OPEN)

Chapter 34, Anatomy of the Visual Sensory System
Alfredo A. Sadun, Joel S. Glaser, and Swaraj Bose

Chapter 35, Advanced Neuroimaging Techniques for the Demonstration of Normal Orbital, Periorbital, and Intracranial Anatomy
James W. Karesh, Iftach Yassur, and Marc J. Hirschbein

Chapter 36, Trigeminal Nerve
Eric E. Kraus and Craig H. Smith

Chapter 37, Facial Nerve
Eric E. Kraus and Craig H. Smith

Chapter 38, Eye Movements
R. John Leigh and Janet C. Rucker

Chapter 39, Ocular Teratology
Kerstin Strömland and Marilyn Miller

Chapter 40, Congenital Malformations of the Eye
Brian P. Brooks and Elias I. Traboulsi

Chapter 41, Congenital Craniofacial Anomalies
Steven J. Covici, Peter D. Fries, and James A. Katowitz

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Foundations Volume 2

Physiology of the Eye and Visual System

Chapter 1, Eyebrows, Eyelids, and Face: Structure and Function
Michael S. McCracken, Jonathan D. del Prado, and Don O. Kikkawa

Chapter 2, The Conjunctiva—Structure and Function
Darlene A. Dartt

Chapter 2A, Physiology of the Lacrimal System
Cat Nguyen Burkat, Robin R. Hodges, Mark J. Lucarelli, and Darlene A. Dartt

Chapter 3, The Tear Film
Erin Peters and Kathryn Colby

Chapter 4, Cornea and Sclera
Daniel G. Dawson, Mitchell A. Watsky, Dayle H. Geroski, and Henry F. Edelhauser

Chapter 5, Ocular Circulation
Shiyoung Roh, John J. Weiter, and Jay S. Duker

Chapter 6, Aqueous Humor: Secretion and Dynamics
B'Ann Gabelt, Julie A. Kiland, Baohe Tian, and Paul L. Kaufman

Chapter 7, Intraocular Pressure: Measurement, Regulation, and Flow Relationships
Robert L. Stamper and George H. Tanaka

Chapter 8 (OPEN)

Chapter 9, The Iris and the Pupil
Randy Kardon and Joel Weinstein

Chapter 10, The Lens
Nicholas A. Delamere

Chapter 11, Vitreous Humor
Alan J. Ruby, George A. Williams, and Mark S. Blumenkranz

Chapter 12, Metabolism and Photochemistry of the Retina
Muayyad R. Al-Ubaidi and Robert E. Anderson

Chapter 13, Electrical Signals of the Retina and Visual Cortex
Paul A. Sieving

Chapter 14, Visual Function Testing: Clinical Correlations
Eliot L. Berson

Chapter 15, Light and Photometry
Raymond E. Records

Chapter 16, Visual Adaptation
James N. Ver Hoeve

Chapter 17, Evaluation of Visual Function
Chris A. Johnson

Chapter 18 (OPEN)

Chapter 19, Color Vision
Anthony J. Adams, Wayne A. Verdon, and Bruce E. Spivey

Chapter 20, Entoptic Imagery and Afterimages
Gary L. Trick and Alaina Kronenberg

Chapter 21, Physiology of the Optic Nerve
Leonard A. Levin

Chapter 22, Visual Dysfunction from Lesions of the Cerebral Cortex
Jason J.S. Barton and Matthew Rizzo

Chapter 23, Ocular Motility
Herschel P. Goldstein and Alan B. Scott

Chapter 24, Binocular Vision
Christopher W. Tyler

Ocular Allergy and Immunology

Chapter 25, General Principles of Immunology
Peter Benincasa, Richard Luka, and Leonard Bielory

Chapter 26, Immunology of Ocular Tissues
G. Smolin and Mitchell H. Friedlaender

Chapter 27, Mediators of Ocular Inflammation
Matthew J. Chapin, Paula J. Wun, and Mark B. Abelson

Chapter 28, Immunology of Ocular Infection
Laura Tonjes Muller and Stefan D. Trocmé

Chapter 28A, Immunology of Uveitis
Jean Deschênes, Mili Roy, and Guillermo Rocha

Chapter 29, Immunology of Skin Diseases That Affect the Eye
Mitchell H. Friedlaender

Chapter 30 (OPEN)

Chapter 31, Noncorticosteroid Immune Therapy for Ocular Inflammation
Scott M. Whitcup and Robert B. Nussenblatt

Chapter 32, Immunology of Infectious Systemic Diseases That Affect the Eye
Mitchell H. Friedlaender

Chapter 33, Immunology of Rheumatoid Diseases That Affect the Eye
Mitchell H. Friedlaender

Chapter 34, Immunology of Allergic and Multisystem Diseases That Affect the Eye
Mitchell H. Friedlaender

Chapter 35, Immunology of Neurologic and Endocrine Diseases That Affect the Eye
Sharon K. Sra, Karan K. Sra, Mitchell Friedlaender, and Stefan D. Trocmé

Chapter 36, Ocular Manifestations of HIV Infection
Emmett T. Cunningham, Jr. and Todd P. Margolis

Chapter 37, The Immunologic Components of Tears
Peter C. Donshik, William H. Ehlers, and Mark Ballow

Chapter 38, The Major Histocompatibility Complex
Laura Tonjes Muller, Christopher J. Calvano, and Stefan D. Trocmé

Chapter 39 (OPEN)

Ocular Microbiology

Chapter 40, Microbiologic Diagnosis of Ocular Infection
Kirk R. Wilhelmus

Chapter 40A, Immunologic Diagnosis of Ocular Infection
Kirk R. Wilhelmus

Chapter 40B, Molecular Diagnostics of Ocular Infectious Disease: Polymerase Chain Reaction Diagnostics of Ophthalmic Disease
Elma Kim and Russell N. Van Gelder

Chapter 41, Normal Flora of the Human Conjunctiva and Eyelid
Regis P. Kowalski and Melvin I. Roat

Chapter 42, The Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections of the Cornea
George A. Stern and Gregory S. Schultz

Chapter 43, Epidemiology of Ocular Infections
Kirk R. Wilhelmus

Chapter 44 (OPEN)

Chapter 45, Host Defense Against Ocular Infection
Bradley D. Jett

Chapter 46 (OPEN)

Chapter 47, The Ophthalmic Microbiology Laboratory
John Peacock and Melville Matheson

Chapter 48, The Pathogenesis of Infectious Endophthalmitis
Michelle C. Callegan, Michael S. Gilmore, and David W. Parke, II

Chapter 49, Gram-Positive Cocci
Thomas J. Liesegang

Chapter 50, Gram-Negative Cocci in Ocular Disease
Peter C. Donshik and John W. Chandler

Chapter 51, Gram-Positive Aerobic Rods
Vicente Vitiello and Andrew J.W. Huang

Chapter 52, Gram-Negative Bacilli in Ocular Disease
Nada S. Jabbur

Chapter 53, Contact Lens and Prosthesis Infections
John K.G. Dart

Chapter 54, Principles of Ocular Mycology
John Brinser

Chapter 55 (OPEN)

Chapter 56, Mycobacterial Diseases of the Eye
Michele Trucksis and James P. Dunn

Chapter 57, Anaerobic Bacteria
Rebecca L. Penland, Michael S. Osato, and Kirk R. Wilhelmus

Chapter 58, Rickettsial Organisms in Ocular Disease
Woodford S. Van Meter

Chapter 59, Mollicutes: Putative Pathogens in Ocular Disease
Thomas Liesegang

Chapter 60, Actinomyces Organisms in Ocular Disease
Michael P. Vrabec and George J. Florakis

Chapter 61, Ocular Pharmacology of Antibacterial Agents
John E. Sutphin and Jeffrey M. Wells

Chapter 62, Ocular Pharmacology of Antifungal Drugs
Denis M. O'Day and W. Steven Head

Chapter 63 (OPEN)

Chapter 64, Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Ophthalmology
Bruce D. Gaynor and Michael B. Starr

Chapter 65, Antimicrobial Resistance in Ophthalmology
David G. Hwang

Chapter 66, Antiparasitic Drugs in Ophthalmology
Kirk R. Wilhelmus

Chapters 67–69 (OPEN)

Chapter 70, Spirochetes
Steven J. Norris

Chapter 71, Microsporidiosis
Ayman Naseri

Chapters 72–74 (OPEN)

Chapter 75, Lyme Disease
Robert L. Lesser and Ernest W. Kornmehl

Chapter 76, Ocular Toxoplasmosis
Gary N. Holland and G. Richard O'Connor

Chapter 77, Pathogenesis of Chlamydial Ocular Diseases
Deborah Dean

Chapter 78 (OPEN)

Chapter 79, Ocular Parasitic Infections
Khalid F. Tabbara

Chapter 80, Acanthamoeba Keratitis
Romesh K. Gautom, Thomas R. Fritsche, and Thomas D. Lindquist

Chapter 81 (OPEN)

Chapter 82, Ocular Infections Associated with the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Gary N. Holland and Ralph D. Levinson

Chapter 83–84 (OPEN)

Chapter 85, Introduction to Viruses in Ocular Disease: Definition, Structure, and Classification
James Chodosh and William G. Stroop

Chapter 86–87 (OPEN)

Chapter 88, Diagnostic Techniques for Ocular Viral Infections
Francisco J. Garcia-Ferrer and Ivan R. Schwab

Chapter 89, Pathogenesis of Herpes Simplex Ocular Disease
Richard D. Dix

Chapter 90 (OPEN)

Chapter 91, The Epstein-Barr Virus in Ocular Disease
Stephen C. Pflugfelder and James Chodosh

Chapter 92, Enterovirus and Coxsackievirus
Eiichi Uchio

Chapter 93, Human Herpes-viruses 6 and; 7
Hamida B. Qavi

Chapter 93A, Human Herpes-virus 8
Hamida B. Qavi and Dharam V. Ablashi

Chapter 94, Varicella-Zoster Virus Eye Disease
Thomas J. Liesegang

Chapter 95, Periocular Involvement of Papillomavirus and Molluscum Contagiosum Virus
David S. Bardenstein and Jonathan H. Lass

Chapter 96, Adenovirus
Sanjoy K. Gupta and William G. Hodge

Chapter 97, Vaccinia
R. Mark Buller and Jay S. Pepose

Chapter 98, Host Defense and Immunologic Responses Associated With Viral Ocular Infections
John W. Chandler

Chapter 99 (OPEN)

Chapter 100, Ocular Pharmacology of Antiviral Agents
Deborah Pavan-Langston

Chapter 101, Use of Immunotherapy in Ocular Infections
David C. Gritz and Gilbert Smolin

Ancillary Diagnostic Techniques

Chapter 102, Color Doppler Imaging in Ophthalmology
Suzanne K. Freitag and Robert C. Sergott

Chapter 103, Electroretinography
Ronald E. Carr

Chapter 104, Electro-oculography
Ronald E. Carr

Chapter 105, Visual Evoked Potential
Gary L. Trick and Barry Skarf

Chapter 106, Ultrasound Biomicroscopy of the Anterior Ocular Segment
Zelia M. Correa and James J. Augsburger

Chapter 107, Optical Coherence Tomography
Michael Ip, Olivia C. Liao, and Jay S. Duker

Chapter 108, Diagnostic Ophthalmic Ultrasonography
Yale L. Fisher, Fabio Nogueira, and Danielle Salles

Chapter 109, Automated Perimetry Diagnostic Modalities in Ophthalmology
Andrew M. Prince and Diane P. Romsaitong

Chapter 110, Indocyanine Green Videoangiography: Principles, Technique, and Complications
Christina M. Klais, Michael D. Ober, Nicole E. Gross, and Jason S. Slakter

Chapter 110A, Diagnostic Indocyanine Green Angiography: Clinical Applications
Nicole E. Gross, Jason S. Slakter, Lindsay M. Smithen, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, Christina M. Klais, John A. Sorenson, Richard F. Spaide, Yale L. Fisher, and Dennis A. Orlock

Chapter 111, Confocal Scanning Laser Topography of the Optic Nerve
Robert D. Fechtner and Frederick S. Mikelberg

Chapter 112, Corneal Topography
Srilata S. Naidu and Andrea C. Ocampo-Goldberg

Chapter 113, The Role of Fluorescein Angiography in Diseases of the Retina and Choroid
Kenneth G. Noble

Chapter 113A, Fluorescein Angiography of Choroidal and Retinal Tumors
James J. Augsburger

Chapter 113B, Fluorescein Angiography of the Hereditary Chorioretinal Dystrophies
Kenneth G. Noble

Chapter 113C, Fluorescein Angiography and Retinal Vascular Diseases
Joshua D. Stein, Gary C. Brown, and Allen C. Ho

Chapter 113D, The Role of Fluorescein Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy
R. Joseph Olk and Carol M. Lee

Chapter 113E, Fluorescein and Indocyanine Green Angiography in Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Retina and Choroid
Steven R. Sanislo, Mark S. Blumenkranz, and Thierry C. Verstraeten

Chapter 113F, The Use of Fluorescein Angiography in Acquired Macular Diseases
Antonio P. Ciardella, Stephen R. Kaufman, and Lawrence A. Yannuzzi

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Foundations Volume 3

Pathology of the Eye

Chapter 1, Pathologic Principles of Ophthalmic Disease
J. Douglas Cameron

Chapter 2, Congenital Anomalies
Marilyn C. Kincaid

Chapter 3, Nongranulomatous Inflammation: Uveitis, Endophthalmitis, Panophthalmitis, and Sequelae
Russell W. Read, Ehud Zamir, and Narsing A. Rao

Chapter 4, Granulomatous Inflammation
Martha Farber

Chapter 5 (OPEN)

Chapter 6, Surgical and Nonsurgical Trauma
J. Douglas Cameron

Chapter 7, Skin and Lacrimal Drainage Systems
Cari E. Lyle, Matthew W. Wilson, and William R. Morris

Chapter 8, Pathology of Conjunctiva
Theresa R. Kramer and Nariman A. Sharara

Chapter 9, Pathology of the Cornea-Sclera
Henry D. Perry and J. Douglas Cameron

Chapter 10 (OPEN)

Chapter 11, Pathology of the Uvea
P. Kumar Rao

Chapter 12, Pathology of the Lens
Marilyn C. Kincaid

Chapter 13, Retina
Marilyn C. Kincaid, Myron Yanoff, and Ben S. Fine

Chapter 14, Vitreous
Marilyn C. Kincaid

Chapter 15 (OPEN)

Chapter 16, Pathology of the Optic Nerve
Thomas B. Crotty, R. Jean Campbell, and Alfredo A. Sadun

Chapter 17, Clinicopathologic Correlates in Orbital Disease
Zeynel A. Karcioglu

Chapter 18, Pathology of Diabetes Mellitus
Marilyn C. Kincaid

Chapter 19, Glaucoma
Joseph W. Sassani

Chapter 20, Intraocular Tumors in Adults
Ralph C. Eagle, Jr.

Chapter 21, Retinoblastoma and Simulating Lesions
Ralph C. Eagle, Jr.

Ocular Pharmacology

Chapter 22, Bioavailability
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 23, Pharmacokinetics
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 24, Compliance
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 25, Methods for Assessing the Effects of Pharmacologic Agents on Aqueous Humor Dynamics
Rachel Peck, Mieko Hayashi, Michael E. Yablonski, Joel S. Mindel, and Douglas J. Rhee

Chapter 26, Cholinergic Pharmacology
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 27 (OPEN)

Chapter 28, Hyperosmotic Agents
John Danias, Janet B. Serle, and Donna J. Gagliuso

Chapter 29, Alpha-adrenergic Drugs
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 30, Systemically and Topically Administered Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors in the Treatment of Glaucoma
Janet B. Serle and Andrew I. Rabinowitz

Chapter 31, Glucocorticoids
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 32, Pharmacology of Ocular Beta-Adrenoceptor Antagonists
Gary D. Novack, Irving H. Leopold, and Efraim Duzman

Chapter 33, Antimitotic and Immunosuppressive Chemotherapy
Joel S. Mindel

Chapters 34 (OPEN)

Chapter 35, Pharmacology of Local Anesthetics
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 36, Therapy of Bacterial Infections of the Eye
Terrence P. O'Brien and Tae Won Hahn

Chapter 37, Topical and Systemic Antiviral Agents
Steven A. Teich and Tony W. Cheung

Chapter 38, Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Allan J. Flach

Chapter 39, Topical Ophthalmic Antibiotics in the Management of Bacterial Conjunctivitis and Keratitis
Renée Solomon and Eric Donnenfeld

Chapter 40, Systemic Side Effects From Topical Application of ß-blockers
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 41, Special Topics
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 42, Ocular Side Effects and Toxicities From Systemic Therapy
Joel S. Mindel

Chapter 43, Adverse Effects of Topical Eye Medication in Infants and Children
Leonard Apt and William L. Gaffney

Chapters 44–46 (OPEN)

Ocular Genetics

Chapters 47–50 (OPEN)

Chapter 51, Basics of Inheritance
Arlene V. Drack

Chapter 52, Chromosomes: Structure, Function, and Clinical Syndromes
Brian J.R. Forbes and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 53, Ocular Developmental Anomalies
Scott E. Olitsky and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 54A, Inborn Errors of Metabolism Affecting the Eye
Scott E. Olitsky and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 54B, Neurometabolic Disease Affecting the Eye
Lois J. Martyn

Chapter 55, Molecular Genetic Basis of Eye Diseases
Ming X. Wang, Leonard B. Nelson, and Larry A. Donoso

Chapter 56, Techniques of Prenatal Diagnoses
Karen L. Smith-Silone and James E. Silone, Jr.

Chapter 57, X-Linked Ophthalmic Disorders
Kammi B. Gunton, Irfan Ansari, and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 58, Ocular Manifestations of Autosomal Dominant Systemic Conditions
Steven E. Rubin and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 59, Heredity of Strabismus
Mary A. O'Hara and Leonard B. Nelson

Chapter 60, Hereditary Macular Dystrophies
Kenneth G. Noble

Chapter 61, Vitreoretinal Dystrophies
Hermann D. Schubert and William Tasman

Chapter 62, Genetics of Retinoblastoma
Carol L. Shields and Jerry A. Shields

Chapter 63, Inheritance of Corneal Dystrophies
Kent G. Leavitt, Catharine J. Crockett, Marta O. Lopatynsky, and Scott A. Strelow

Chapter 64, Hereditary Aspects of Glaucoma
Jeffrey D. Henderer, Courtland M. Schmidt, and Richard P. Wilson

Chapter 65, Heredity of Refractive Errors
Mary A. O'Hara and Leonard B. Nelson

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